The changes of the environment have made people conscious about conservation and green living. Many businesses and industries including the construction industry have adopted various strategies for going green. More and more contractors and engineers are integrating eco-friendly strategies in commercial construction projects.
1. Green Roofs and Walls
The technology focuses on the systems and structures both inside and outside. Environmentally friendly garden systems are on the rise. By installing them outside buildings, they insulate and reduce cooling and heating costs. Biowalls improves the quality of air by absorbing carbon dioxide while releasing oxygen. They also reflect solar radiation and absorb rainwater.
Some contractors are introducing the living walls indoors. The benefits of indoor living walls are quite different from those of the outdoors. However, both recycle gray water while purifying the air. Whether indoors or outdoors, living walls are made of angled panels with removable pockets for holding soil. Indoor living walls require special lights to keep them alive.
2. Passive Solar Building Design
This building design makes the sun the primary source of heating, cooling, and lighting of the building. The fact that it is passive means it does not need any electronic device to operate.
3. Plumbing Systems
Commercial building contractors are increasingly using green plumbing systems to conserve water in buildings. One of the most eco-friendly plumbing systems is the dual piping system with separate sections for potable water and reclaimed water. Reclaimed water is sewage water that has been treated to remove waste and microorganisms. Potable water is for cleaning, drinking, and cooking.
4. Recycled insulation
Insulation can come from everyday products. Products that do not release fumes and are not itchy during contact make wall insulation. These materials are usually treated to make them fire resistant.
5. Electrochromic Glass
This type of glass uses electrical currents to change it from opaque to translucent. It consists of layers of ceramic plates that save energy and provide lighting through skylights.
6. Integrated Photovoltaic
These eco-friendly construction materials have replaced traditional solar panels. They are affordable means of generating electricity.
7. Direct Current Power
Solar panels generate direct current and use it to power electronics without losing energy. Micro grids that work with AC systems can be used to convert AC to DC and provide energy to power appliances such as fluorescent lighting panels.
8. Mycoform Technology
Scientists have found a way to fill a form with agricultural products such as buckwheat husks. Mycelium feeds on the shells and fills up space in the form. Heat treatment is then used to kill the spore and halt its growth. The result is a plate of mushroom-like material in any desired shape. Creating them is cheap since they do not need toxic chemicals or energy. This technology can be used to make eco-friendly building blocks for construction.